2014年11月7日 星期五

十大、百大、年度、評選、票選、必讀的文學小說以及推理小說

先來看看由英國作家威廉·薩默塞特·毛姆(William Somerset Maugham)於1948年出版的著作(後來在1954年改寫,書名改為Ten Novels and Their Authors),討論他心目中十部偉大的長篇小說及其作者。

世界十大小說家及其代表作
Great Novelists and Their Novels
  1. 1749, 湯姆·瓊斯 Tom Jones by Henry Fielding
  2. 1813, 傲慢與偏見 Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen
  3. 1830, 紅與黑 Le Rouge et le Noir by Stendhal
  4. 1834~1835, 高老頭 Le Père Goriot by Honoré de Balzac
  5. 1847, 咆哮山莊 Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë
  6. 1849~1850, 大衛·科波菲爾 David Copperfield by Charles Dickens
  7. 1851, 白鯨記 Moby-Dick by Herman Melville
  8. 1856, 包法利夫人 Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert
  9. 1865~1869, 戰爭與和平 War and Peace by Tolstoy
  10. 1879, 卡拉馬佐夫兄弟 The Brothers Karamazov by Dostoevsky
20世紀百大英文小說
Modern Library 100 Best Novels

1998年7月,由美國現代圖書公司(Modern Library)所選出的20世紀一百大英文長篇小說,評選小組由紐約公共圖書館(New York Public Library, NYPL)《世紀之書》以及藍燈書屋(Random House)《當代文庫》的編輯組成。
評選分為編輯小組以及讀者票選。

20世紀百大英文小說 - 維基百科

時代雜誌百大英文小說
The All-TIME 100 Greatest Novels

2005年美國《時代雜誌》所提出的100部最佳英文長篇小說及10部最佳圖像小說書單。評選範圍是1923年後出版(該雜誌創刊)的英文長篇小說,評選者是時代雜誌社內兩位書評家拉卡尤(Richard Lacayo)與葛羅斯曼(Lev Grossman)。

時代雜誌百大英文小說 - 維基百科

Amazon:人生必讀的一百本書
Amazon: 100 Books To Read In A Lifetime
  1. "1984" by George Orwell
  2. 時間簡史 "A Brief History of Time" by Stephen Hawking
  3. "A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius" by Dave Eggers
  4. 長路漫漫 "A Long Way Gone" by Ishmael Beah
  5. 波特萊爾的冒險 "A Series of Unfortunate Events #1: The Bad Beginning: The Short-Lived Edition" by Lemony Snicket
  6. 時間的皺摺 "A Wrinkle in Time" by Madeleine L'Engle
  7. "Alice Munro: Selected Stories" by Alice Munro
  8. 愛麗絲夢遊仙境 "Alice in Wonderland" by Lewis Carroll
  9. 驚天大陰謀 "All the President's Men" by Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein
  10. 安琪拉的灰燼 "Angela's Ashes: A Memoir" by Frank McCourt
  11. "Are You There, God? It's me, Margaret" by Judy Blume
  12. "Bel Canto" by Ann Patchett
  13. 寵兒 "Beloved" by Toni Morrison
  14. 天生就會跑 "Born To Run: A Hidden Tribe, Superathletes, and the Greatest Race the World Has Never Seen" by Christopher McDougall
  15. "Breath, Eyes, Memory" by Edwidge Danticat
  16. 第二十二條軍規 "Catch-22" by Joseph Heller
  17. 查理與巧克力工廠 "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory" by Roald Dahl
  18. 夏綠蒂特的網 "Charlotte's Web" by E.B. White
  19. 雙生石 "Cutting For Stone" by Abraham Verghese
  20. 脆弱的力量 "Daring Greatly: How the Courage to Be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead" by Brene Brown
  21. "Diary of a Wimpy Kid, Book 1" by Jeff Kinney
  22. 沙丘 "Dune" by Frank Herbert
  23. 華氏451度 "Fahrenheit 451" by Ray Bradbury
  24. "Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage Journey to the Heart of the American Dream" by Hunter S. Thompson
  25. 控制 "Gone Girl" by Gillian Flynn
  26. "Goodnight Moon" by Margaret Wise Brown
  27. 遠大前程 "Great Expectations" by Charles Dickens
  28. 槍炮、病菌與鋼鐵 "Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies" by Jared M. Diamond
  29. 哈利波特 神秘的魔法石 "Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone" by J.K. Rowling
  30. 冷血 "In Cold Blood" by Truman Capote
  31. "Interpreter of Maladies" by Jhumpa Lahiri
  32. 隱形人 "Invisible Man" by Ralph Ellison
  33. 吉米柯瑞根:地球上最聰明的小子 "Jimmy Corrigan: Smartest Kid on Earth" by Chris Ware
  34. 廚房秘事 "Kitchen Confidential" by Anthony Bourdain
  35. 死亡回憶 "Life After Life" by Kate Atkinson
  36. 大草原之家 "Little House on the Prairie" by Laura Ingalls Wilder
  37. 羅莉塔 "Lolita" by Vladimir Nabokov
  38. "Love in the Time of Cholera" by Gabriel Garcia Marquez
  39. "Love Medicine" by Louise Erdrich
  40. "Man's Search for Meaning" by Viktor Frankl
  41. "Me Talk Pretty One Day" by David Sedaris
  42. "Middlesex" by Jeffrey Eugenides
  43. "Midnight's Children" by Salman Rushdie
  44. "Moneyball" by Michael Lewis
  45. "Of Human Bondage" by W. Somerset Maugham
  46. "On the Road" by Jack Kerouac
  47. "Out of Africa" by Isak Dinesen
  48. "Persepolis" by Marjane Satrapi
  49. "Portnoy's Complaint" by Philip Roth
  50. "Pride and Prejudice" by Jane Austen
  51. "Silent Spring" by Rachel Carson
  52. "Slaughterhouse-Five" by Kurt Vonnegut
  53. "Team of Rivals" by Doris Kearns Goodwin
  54. "The Age of Innocence" by Edith Wharton
  55. "The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier and Clay" by Michael Chabon
  56. "The Autobiography of Malcolm X" by Malcolm X and Alex Haley
  57. 偷書賊 "The Book Thief" by Markus Zusak
  58. "The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao" by Junot Diaz
  59. 麥田捕手 "The Catcher in the Rye" by J.D. Salinger
  60. "The Color of Water" by James McBride
  61. "The Corrections" by Jonathan Franzen
  62. "The Devil in the White City: Murder, Magic, and Madness at the Fair that Changed America" by Erik Larson
  63. "The Diary of Anne Frank" by Anne Frank
  64. "The Fault in Our Stars" by John Green
  65. 記憶傳承人 "The Giver" by Lois Lowry
  66. "The Golden Compass: His Dark Materials" by Philip Pullman
  67. 大亨小傳 "The Great Gatsby" by F. Scott Fitzgerald
  68. "The Handmaid's Tale" by Margaret Atwood
  69. "The House At Pooh Corner" by A. A. Milne
  70. 飢餓遊戲 "The Hunger Games" by Suzanne Collins
  71. "The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks" by Rebecca Skloot
  72. "The Liars' Club: A Memoir" by Mary Karr
  73. 神火之賊 "The Lightning Thief (Percy Jackson and the Olympians, Book 1)" by Rick Riordan
  74. 小王子 "The Little Prince" by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  75. "The Long Goodbye" by Raymond Chandler
  76. "The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11" by Lawrence Wright
  77. 魔戒 "The Lord of the Rings" by J.R.R. Tolkien
  78. "The Man Who Mistook His Wife For A Hat: And Other Clinical Tales" by Oliver Sacks
  79. "The Omnivore's Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals" by Michael Pollan
  80. "The Phantom Tollbooth" by Norton Juster
  81. "The Poisonwood Bible: A Novel" by Barbara Kingsolver
  82. "The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York" by Robert A. Caro
  83. "The Right Stuff" by Tom Wolfe
  84. "The Road" by Cormac McCarthy
  85. "The Secret History" by Donna Tartt
  86. 鬼店 "The Shining" by Stephen King
  87. "The Stranger" by Albert Camus
  88. "The Sun Also Rises" by Ernest Hemingway
  89. "The Things They Carried" by Tim O'Brien
  90. "The Very Hungry Caterpillar" by Eric Carle
  91. "The Wind in the Willows" by Kenneth Grahame
  92. "The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle: A Novel" by Haruki Murakami
  93. "The World According to Garp" by John Irving
  94. "The Year of Magical Thinking" by Joan Didion
  95. "Things Fall Apart" by Chinua Achebe
  96. "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee
  97. "Unbroken: A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption" by Laura Hillenbrand
  98. "Valley of the Dolls" by Jacqueline Susann
  99. "Where the Sidewalk Ends" by Shel Silverstein
  100. "Where the Wild Things Are" by Maurice Sendak
Amazon推薦:人生必看的一百本書
Amazon.com: 100 Books To Read In A Lifetime: Books

BBC - The Big Read - Top 100 Books

2003年4月,由BBC的「The Big Read」中挑選出100本最優秀的小說。
  1. 魔戒 The Lord of the Rings, JRR Tolkien
  2. 傲慢與偏見 Pride and Prejudice, Jane Austen
  3. 黑暗元素 His Dark Materials, Philip Pullman
  4. 銀河便車指南The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, Douglas Adams
  5. 哈利波特 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, JK Rowling
  6. 梅崗城故事 To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee
  7. 小熊維尼 Winnie the Pooh, AA Milne
  8. 1984 Nineteen Eighty-Four, George Orwell
  9. The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, CS Lewis
  10. 簡愛 Jane Eyre, Charlotte Brontë
  11. Catch-22, Joseph Heller
  12. 咆哮山莊 Wuthering Heights, Emily Brontë
  13. Birdsong, Sebastian Faulks
  14. Rebecca, Daphne du Maurier
  15. 麥田捕手 The Catcher in the Rye, JD Salinger
  16. The Wind in the Willows, Kenneth Grahame
  17. Great Expectations, Charles Dickens
  18. Little Women, Louisa May Alcott
  19. Captain Corelli's Mandolin, Louis de Bernieres
  20. 戰爭與和平 War and Peace, Leo Tolstoy
  21. Gone with the Wind, Margaret Mitchell
  22. 哈利波特 神秘的魔法石 Harry Potter And The Philosopher's Stone, JK Rowling
  23. 哈利波特 消失的密室 Harry Potter And The Chamber Of Secrets, JK Rowling
  24. 哈利波特 阿茲卡班的逃犯 Harry Potter And The Prisoner Of Azkaban, JK Rowling
  25. 哈比人 The Hobbit, JRR Tolkien
  26. Tess Of The D'Urbervilles, Thomas Hardy
  27. Middlemarch, George Eliot
  28. A Prayer For Owen Meany, John Irving
  29. 憤怒的葡萄 The Grapes Of Wrath, John Steinbeck
  30. 愛麗絲夢遊仙境 Alice's Adventures In Wonderland, Lewis Carroll
  31. The Story Of Tracy Beaker, Jacqueline Wilson
  32. 百年孤寂 One Hundred Years Of Solitude, Gabriel García Márquez
  33. The Pillars Of The Earth, Ken Follett
  34. David Copperfield, Charles Dickens
  35. Charlie And The Chocolate Factory, Roald Dahl
  36. 金銀島 Treasure Island, Robert Louis Stevenson
  37. A Town Like Alice, Nevil Shute
  38. Persuasion, Jane Austen
  39. 沙丘 Dune, Frank Herbert
  40. 艾瑪 Emma, Jane Austen
  41. Anne Of Green Gables, LM Montgomery
  42. Watership Down, Richard Adams
  43. 大亨小傳 The Great Gatsby, F Scott Fitzgerald
  44. 基督山恩仇記 The Count Of Monte Cristo, Alexandre Dumas
  45. Brideshead Revisited, Evelyn Waugh
  46. 動物農莊 Animal Farm, George Orwell
  47. A Christmas Carol, Charles Dickens
  48. 遠離塵囂 Far From The Madding Crowd, Thomas Hardy
  49. Goodnight Mister Tom, Michelle Magorian
  50. The Shell Seekers, Rosamunde Pilcher
  51. The Secret Garden, Frances Hodgson Burnett
  52. Of Mice And Men, John Steinbeck
  53. 末日逼近 The Stand, Stephen King
  54. 安娜‧卡列尼娜 Anna Karenina, Leo Tolstoy
  55. A Suitable Boy, Vikram Seth
  56. The BFG, Roald Dahl
  57. Swallows And Amazons, Arthur Ransome
  58. Black Beauty, Anna Sewell
  59. Artemis Fowl, Eoin Colfer
  60. Crime And Punishment, Fyodor Dostoyevsky
  61. 罪與罰 Noughts And Crosses, Malorie Blackman
  62. Memoirs Of A Geisha, Arthur Golden
  63. A Tale Of Two Cities, Charles Dickens
  64. 刺鳥 The Thorn Birds, Colleen McCollough
  65. Mort, Terry Pratchett
  66. The Magic Faraway Tree, Enid Blyton
  67. The Magus, John Fowles
  68. Good Omens, Terry Pratchett and Neil Gaiman
  69. Guards! Guards!, Terry Pratchett
  70. 蒼蠅王 Lord Of The Flies, William Golding
  71. 香水 Perfume, Patrick Süskind
  72. The Ragged Trousered Philanthropists, Robert Tressell
  73. Night Watch, Terry Pratchett
  74. Matilda, Roald Dahl
  75. BJ單身日記 Bridget Jones's Diary, Helen Fielding
  76. The Secret History, Donna Tartt
  77. The Woman In White, Wilkie Collins
  78. 尤里西斯 Ulysses, James Joyce
  79. Bleak House, Charles Dickens
  80. Double Act, Jacqueline Wilson
  81. The Twits, Roald Dahl
  82. I Capture The Castle, Dodie Smith
  83. Holes, Louis Sachar
  84. Gormenghast, Mervyn Peake
  85. The God Of Small Things, Arundhati Roy
  86. Vicky Angel, Jacqueline Wilson
  87. 美麗新世界 Brave New World, Aldous Huxley
  88. Cold Comfort Farm, Stella Gibbons
  89. Magician, Raymond E Feist
  90. On The Road, Jack Kerouac
  91. 教父 The Godfather, Mario Puzo
  92. The Clan Of The Cave Bear, Jean M Auel
  93. The Colour Of Magic, Terry Pratchett
  94. The Alchemist, Paulo Coelho
  95. Katherine, Anya Seton
  96. Kane And Abel, Jeffrey Archer
  97. Love In The Time Of Cholera, Gabriel García Márquez
  98. Girls In Love, Jacqueline Wilson
  99. The Princess Diaries, Meg Cabot
  100. Midnight's Children, Salman Rushdie 
BBC - The Big Read - Top 100 Books

The Observer 100 Greatest Novels of All Time

2003年10月由英國《觀察家報》選出的100本最棒的小說。

The Observer 100 Greatest Novels of All Time

一百本必讀的書
100 Must-Read Books: The Essential Man’s Library

100 Must-Read Books: The Essential Man’s Library
100 Must-Read Books: The Essential Man’s Library (100 books)

上面幾個列表,稍微看看就會發現大多都重疊不少本。
接下來是幾個我特別有興趣類型書,犯罪、推理小說。

百大犯罪小說
The Top 100 Crime Novels of All Time

1990年由英國犯罪作家協會所選出百大犯罪小說。

百大犯罪小說 - 維基百科(僅列出前20名)
The Top 100 Crime Novels of All Time - Wikipedia

週刊文春百大推理小說
週刊文春ミステリーベスト100

日本文藝春秋發行的週刊雜誌《週刊文春》在1985年所選出的100部最佳推理小說,由推理作家與推理小説愛好者約500名所投票選出,在《週刊文春》1985年8月29日號與9月5日號上發表。2012年《週刊文春》再度舉行投票,並在2013年1月4日臨時増刊號上發表。

中文的維基百科裡只有列出日本篇的排名。
讓我在意的是,1985年版總共只有98名,而2012年版則有102名。

週刊文春百大推理小說 - 維基百科
東西ミステリーベスト100 - Wikipedia

週刊文春年度前十推理小說
週刊文春ミステリーベスト10

另外週刊文春每年也都有推理小說排名。

週刊文春ミステリーベスト10

這本推理小說真厲害!
このミステリーがすごい!

這是由日本寶島社『別冊寶島』發行的推理小說導覽書,1988年開始排名。
排名同樣有國際篇和日本篇。

這本推理小說真厲害! - 維基百科
このミステリーがすごい! - Wikipedia

本格推理小說 Best 10
本格ミステリベスト10

由日本偵探小説研究會編著的推理小説排行書,每年12月由原書房發行。
本格是一種推理小說的流派,一般也稱為正宗、正統、古典派或傳統派。以邏輯至上的推理解謎為主,與注重寫實的社會派流派相對,不注重寫實,而以驚險離奇的情節與耐人尋味的詭計,通過邏輯推理展開情節。
著名的作家像是Ellery Queen、江戶川亂步、橫溝正史以及被稱為新本格的島田莊司。

本格推理小說 Best 10 - 維基百科
本格ミステリベスト10 - Wikipedia

我想讀推理小說!
ミステリが読みたい!

由早川書房於2007年開始發行的推理小說排名書。

ミステリが読みたい! - Wikipedia

同時提一下,在中國有所謂的四大奇書,也就是《水滸傳》、《三國演義》、《西遊記》和《金瓶梅》這四本章回小說,後來也有不少人以《紅樓夢》取代《金瓶梅》這樣的說法。
而在日本也有所謂推理小說四大奇書一說。
最初是由夢野久作的《腦髓地獄》、小栗蟲太郎的《黑死館殺人事件》以及中井英夫的《獻給虛無的供物》被稱為「日本三大推理奇書」,亦有「日本異端文學史三大偉業」、「日本偵探小説三大高峰」和「日本本格偵探小説三大高峰」的稱號。
後來則加上了竹本健治的《匣中失樂》,成為日本推理四大奇書。
  • 夢野久作《腦髓地獄》,1935年
  • 小栗蟲太郎《黑死館殺人事件》,1934年
  • 中井英夫《獻給虛無的供物》,1964年
  • 竹本健治《匣中失樂》,1977年